油茶树保花保果技术

 http://skurv.com/ 时候: 2022-01-07 14:57 【字体:


(中国油茶)一、保花保果

youchashuluolei、luoguodeshouyaoyuanyoushichengzhangjinchengzhongshuifenheyangfenluokongjunheng,shiyiyangfenjunhengdiaokongshibaohuabaoguodeshouyaofashi,quebaochongpeideshuifeiqiantibaozhangyouchazhehua、shoufenzuoguosuoxudeyangfen,zengjinyouchahua、guodeyibanchengzhangfayu。

er、shuifeibanlichangyi

weilebaozhangyouchachengzhangsuoxudechongpeiyangfen,meiyinianxuyaoshifei4ci:

1.meiyinian12yue~yinian1yue,shiyongyiciwujifei(wujizhi≥45%)3qianke/zhu;

2.meiyinianchunji3~4yueyicishiyongfuhefei(n、p、kzongliang≥30%)1kg/zhu;

3.meiyinian6yueshiyongyicifuhefei(n、p、kzongliang≥30%)0.5qianke\zhu。

4.wujifei/fuhefeishifeifangshi:

jienaxueshi、tiaoshihuohuanshi,zaishuguanchuizhitouyingsizhou(jishuguandishuixianxia)wagou,goudeguigewei50cm×30cm×30cm,feiyubiaotubanyunhoufutuyajin。

5.hanjishishiguangaishui,hanjishishijiechujishui,jianchishuifenjunheng。

san、shuxingpeiyangchangyi

jingyouguochengshuxingpeiyang,chuzhiyouchashutibujuyuguangnengcaozong、yangfenchengzhangyushengzhichengzhang、yangfenwuzichuchanyushujungoutongfenpai、xiumaiyufuzhuanggengxindengdichu,daodagailiangshutiguangzhaoqianti,baozhangshutiyinglangchengzhang,jinbushutichuzangyangfencaineng,diaoliyangfenzhiyuchengguozhidebili,xuejianxinliluoguodemubiao,wanchengyouchalinwenchangaochan。

tongshi,jingyouguochengzhengxingxiujianaihuashuti,kexiajiangxiuxiqiangdu,jiejianchuchanbenqian,zhijiejinbujingjixiaoyi。zhengxingxiujianshiyouchashuxingpeiyangdeshouyaojishubanfa。

1.shuxingpeiyangshihouweixishi12yuezhiyinian2yue,jiziyouchahuagankuhouzhichunshaomengdongqian,shutijinruxiumianzhuangkuang,suohaosundeyangfenheshuifenxuejian,shuyehuodongchihuan,xijunbuqingyicongshangkouqinru,liyushangkouyuhe,qieyizuoguo。xiujiandezhunshengshi“yinshuxiujian,suizhizuoxing,xiaokongdabukong、neibaowaiman、baibubuji、gaodibuduidie,toufengtouguang”。xiujiandebuzhoushixianshutixiabuzaizhongshangbu、xianshuguanneizaishuguanwai;xiumaidezhitiaotingzhihuisuoxiujianhuocongjibuquanshujianqu,lingxuanqiangjianzhitingzhipeiyang。

2.peiyangtianranyuantouxinghegaoxingxingliangzhongshuxing

(1)tianranyuantouxingheyongyushutijianjuda,linfenyubiduwei0.5~0.7deyouchachenglin。zai30~40cmgaodeguganshang,liu3~4gexiangsizhoupingjunshuzhandezhuzhi,guoshengdezhuzhicongguganchujianchu,meiyigezhuzhishangpingjunjiaozhidixuanliu3~4gechengzhangxiruodecezhi;guganshangzhang30cmyixiadexiaojiaozhiheshuguanneilanshanzhi、chuanchazhi、duidiezhiquanshujiandiao;chengzhangguoyuxingwangdeshenzhangzhitingzhiduanjie,gouchengtianranyuantouxingshuxing。

(2)gaoxingxingheyongyushutijianjuxiao,linfenyubiduwei0.7jiyishangdeyouchachenglin。qishoujianggaodukuayue3mdedingduanzhuzhiquanshushuchu,fankaineitang,kaihao“tianchuang”,rangtaiyangguangzhaoyaochulai,erhouduishuguanneiduidie、chuanchaguoliangdezhuzhitingzhishujian,bimianbicijianzhengquyangguang,quanshubaoliu3~5gezhuzhi,zuichujianchuneitangkuzhi、bingchongzhiheguganshangzhang30cmyixiadexiaojiaozhi,gouchengshuxingaixiao、shuguanshenkaidegaoxingxingshuxing,jinbuneitangchengguocaineng。

3.zhuzhongshibian:

(1)zhengxingxiujianqiangdubuyiguoda,yingyinshuerding,shushichoumidezhongjian,xishaodezeqingjian;shuguandexiabuheneitangzhongjian,shuguandeshangzhongbuhewaiyuanzeqingjian;zhangshixuruodezhongjian,zhangshixingwangdezeqingjian,shuxinggaodujiezhizai3mbaibu。

(2)xiujiandeanyuyingjintieshuganjibu,zuodaohuani、pingtan,dadeanyuxushishixiaodu、fengla,bimianyangfensanshiheanyuchuanran。

(3)zhengxingxiujiankeyukenfu、shifei、jianzuo、bingchonghaifangzhidengfuyangbanfalianxishixing。

(4)jianchudezhitiaoyingjinkuaibanzhilinwaichuzhi,bingchongyepian、zhishao、guozeyingjihexiaohui。

(5)xiujianhouyingshishichumengmoya,peiyangxindechengguozhi。

si、yeguobidiaokongchangyi

yeguobishizhiyouchashuzongyepianshuyuzongguoshuzhibi,shikendingliuguoliangdeshouyaomubiaozhiyi,youchaguoshifuzailiangyinganzhaoyeguozuijinkending。

youchawenchanfengdengyeguobiwei35:1~40:1。youchaguochengzhangyuhuayafenjiezhijiandeyangfenhezuofeichangjulie,ruoyouxiandeyangfenbeiguoliangdeguoshifayuerhaosun,zeshutineideyangfenduijibunengdaodahuayafenjiesuoxuchengdu;lingwai,youguopengdashidaifashengdapidechimeisu,jiaogaochengdudechimeisuduihuayafenjieyoujiaoqiangdeannaganhua。

shiyi,guoliangdeguoshifuzailianghuiyouyuyangfengenbushangerchengxianyepianfahuangnaizhiluoye、yangfenluoguo、hualiangshaodengjingxiang

jingyouguochengyeguobidiaokong,kendinggongdaodeguoshifuzailiang,baozhangshutichugongjichongzuguoshichengzhangsuoxuyangfenwai,lingyouchongyuyangfengongjijiyouchashuchengzhang,yunyuhualei,wanchengyouchalinwenchanfengdengdemubiao。

(1)zai3~7yue,youchaluoguoyixinliluoguoweizhu,zhanzongluoguoshude50%~60%,shouyaoyuanyouyoushoufenbuwanzheng、xinlipingheng、bingchonghaifengxiandeng,shiyi,5~6yueshiyeguobidiaokongxiujiandezuihaoqijian。

(2)yeguobidiaokongfangshi:xiujiandezhunshengshidaniandaxiujian,danianxiaoxiujian;xiujiandefangshiyouduanjie(congzhishao、xiaozhi、zhizuhuocezhidezhongzhoubu,cushijiankouxiafangchoufaxinzhishaodexiujianfangshi)heshushan(congzhishao、xiaozhi、zhizuhuocezhidejibushujian,yichechuweimubiao,shijiankouxiabuzaifaxinzhishaodexiujianfangshi),diaolihuayagouchengyuguoshichengzhangzhijiandeyangfenfenpai;xiujiandezhongdianshishuchujixingguo、bingchongguodeng。anzhaoyouchadeguaguohuanjingkendingxiujianqiangdu,quebaoyouchalinfengdengwenchan。

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